The Jewish Trinity that Took Down the World :Marx-Freud-Einstein
Part 3 Einstein July 3
This is the link to my presentation: https://youtu.be/AkuFVqsl20I
Of the Big Three Trinity, Albert Einstein was the most openly and actively Jewish one. Marx was antipathic, even self-loathing, Freud never denied it, but Einstein most openly made himself a “Member of the Tribe”.
I open with a clip from the opera Einstein on the Beach - by Philpi Glass. with videos of Einstein.
Einstein in his library, dapper and well groomed, as long as his wife was alive.
His theories, we well understand ,were revolutionary in his day.
Newton’s apple would, at a certain speed, eventually freeze in place, light was bent by gravity, and time was relative. One of the corollaries, from those who followed in his path, was the “ Uncertainty Principal” and Shroedinger’s cat, who famously, was simultaneously alive and dead. One good consequence- the promise of unlimited energy for human need from nuclear fission, then fusion, and, as is too well known, one disastrous consequence- unlimited energy from nuclear fission and fusion, to evaporate us.
Some highlights: (Excerpts From Wikipedia. My notes in )
[Something of a smart kid:I can imagine his mother , like any Jewish mother, bragging about “ my little genius”.]
. The 12-year-old Einstein taught himself algebra and Euclidean geometry over a single summer. Einstein also independently discovered his own original proof of the Pythagorean theorem at age 12.[26
At age 26,in 1905, his annus mirabilis ('miracle year'), Einstein published four groundbreaking papers. .. the photoelectric effect, Brownian motion, introduced special relativity, and mass-energy equivalence. … led him to develop his special theory of relativity. He then extended the theory to gravitational fields on general relativity in 1916. In 1917, he applied the general theory of relativity to model the structure of the universe. He continued to deal with problems of statistical mechanics and quantum theory,particle theory and the motion of molecules, the thermal properties of light and the quantum theory of radiation, laid the foundation of the photon theory of light. [His greatest work was done in that ten year time period.]
One of the greatest physicists of all time.
The theory of relativity, in other words, time and space are not fixed but flex.
Led to the development of quantum mechanics [which he did not like] Relativity and quantum mechanics are together the two pillars of modern physics. [ For example, Heisenberg principal of uncertainty--we can know where a particle is at a given moment, but we can not know its velocity, and we can know the velocity of a particle, but we can not know its location at that moment. What we do know is that electrons moveout of one shell around the atom and appear at another shell at the same moment, and light is a particle but it is also a wave, which is a contradiction. Schroedinger’s cat is either alive or dead or both, depending on our observation.For what it’s worth, it’s what makes computers work]
His mass–energy equivalence formula E = mc2, which arises from relativity theory, has been dubbed "the world's most famous equation". [In simple terms, the energy released is equivalent to the mass of a body times its speed( as measured by a constant, the speed of light) squared. When we are running around the block, and hit a wall, we feel the energy, in old Newtonian terms, F=MA, Force equals the mass times the acceleration. When we are driving at 100 mph, and hit a wall, that’s plenty of force! But when you are at the speed of light, that energy released is of an order of so many more times of magnitude. ]
[The other odd consequence, as you approach the speed of light, your mass increases and your time slows down, in geometric proportions. Gravity, rather than being a “force” exists as a warping of space in relation to the mass of a body. Hence, light passing from a star towards us is bent by the mass of the sun. ]
His work is also known for its influence on the philosophy of science.
He received the 1921 Nobel Prize in Physics "for his services to theoretical physics, and especially for his discovery of the law of the photoelectric effect", a pivotal step in the development of quantum theory.
Second, he attempted to devise a unified field theory by generalizing his geometric theory of gravitation to include electromagnetism.
Ultimately, as one studies modern physics today, Einstein’s work undermines everything the human mind can grasp about reality, including our own being as physical bodies- black holes, worm holes, multiple universes, multiple dimensions—, “Curiouser and curiouser!” Cried Alice
It makes arcane Kabbalah seem very rational. Multiple creations appear in midrash.Parallel universes presumed by medieval Jewish philosopher, Big Bang-Lurianic Kabbalah.
Of the three in the trinity of Marx, Freud and Einstein, only Einstein has not been dethroned-modified, clarified, but not dethroned. Of the three iconoclasts, Einstein was the only one close to restoring the idea of an underlying principle of the Universe, which could be identified with GodEinstein was a good musician , to boot. Musical ability and mathematics are closely related.
How Jewish was Einstein?
: I take this from my notes on my father’s personal experience with Einstein:
My father often spoke admiringly of Einstein and explained his belief that his brilliant insight into the inner functioning of the universe was an example of the classical Biblical concept of prophecy, the meeting of the human mind with the Divine in revelation. The proof, he was sure, was that Einstein’s greatest work occurred within the span of one year, in 1905, when Einstein was 26. The rest of his career, my father contended, was spent in fruitless search for the Unified Field Theory, the theory that would tie together all universal phenomena and force, what a religious thinker would call ”God”. While Einstein rejected formal religion, it is well known that he viewed the laws of the universe with a religious awe.
For example, here are two of his well-known quotes:
“Knowledge of the existence of something we cannot penetrate, our perceptions of the profoundest reason and the most radiant beauty, which only in their most primitive forms are accessible to our minds: it is this knowledge and this emotion that constitute true religiosity. In this sense, and only this sense, I am a deeply religious man.”
“The theory [quantum mechanics] says a lot, but does not really bring us any closer to the secret of the "old one." I, at any rate, am convinced that He does not throw dice.” (Other versions have “God does not throw dice”, but “He” is an intimate term, following on “the old one”, even though Einstein rejected the idea of a personal God. It expressed Einstein issue with quantum physics which injected uncertainty into the universe, even though it was a consequence of his own theories.)
My father, at that time, a student at the rabbinical school of the Hochschule fuer die Wisseschaft des Judentums, met with Einstein at his home in Potsdam to plan what would become, unknown to them, Einstein’s last popular lecture in Germany. It was to be a fund-raiser for the Jewish students group that my father headed. It was held just before Hitler became the Chancellor of Germany, and Einstein had left for a lecture tour to the USA, and shortly thereafter, the gates of Berlin were shut against him, just short of 200 years after Moses Mendelssohn arrived at the gates of Berlin.
On Jewish Einstein-(From Matheu Roth, My Jewish Learning)
***In 1921, Albert Einstein presented a paper on his then-infant Theory of Relativity at the Sorbonne, the prestigious French university. “If I am proved correct,” he said, “the Germans will call me a German, the Swiss will call me a Swiss citizen, and the French will call me a great scientist. If relativity is proved wrong, the French will call me a Swiss, the Swiss will call me a German, and the Germans will call me a Jew.”
[During the rise of Nazism, it was claimed that there was Aryan science and there was Jewish science- Einstein was Jewish, therefore wrong. Later, as Einstein would be proved right, it was claimed that he stole his papers from a dead German soldier on the battlefield. This is why the claim that I see in some education and academic circles of a “ white science” or “white math’ and some “ ethnic science of math” which is equally true, or better, raises my hackles]
****…that conflicts between science and religion “have all sprung from fatal errors,” and that “science without religion is lame, religion without science is blind.”
There have been attempts to distort Einstein’s attitude towards Israel by conflating his earlier idea that Jews and Arabs could share a land together, with his later realization, that there needed to be a specifically designated state for the Jewish people. He protested what he saw as the dangerous violence of the Etzel ( Begin’s movement) and the Deir Yasin massacre—but criticism of what was then a small radical movement is not the same as denying the entire concept.( Later historians would also clear Begin and his militia of the accusations about Deir Yasin).
Best exposition of the Zionist Case- by Einstein to Nehru ( I feel impelled to put the great Gandhi in his place. He was an absolute monster on the Jewish question- Jews should turn the other cheek to the Nazis. To put Gandhi in his place- he was a racist in many of his comments and had the bizarre habit of sleeping naked with his nieces to prove that he had crushed his sexual desires)
Letter from Einstein to Jawaharal Nehru PM of the Indian Govt, New Delhi, India
My dear Mr. Nehru:
…I should like to discuss only one problem with you-the ethical issues involved in the Zionist effort to recreate a Jewish homeland in Palestine. … I should like to dwell on the factors of justice and equality which are involved, and whose violation I would protest equally with you.
Long before the emergence of Hitler, I made the cause of Zionism mine because through it I saw a means of correcting a flagrant wrong. I refer to the peculiar disability suffered by the Jewish people by which they were deprived of the opportunity to live on the same basis as other peoples. The bigotry of the chauvinists and racists, whose doctrines have brought so much evil to mankind, has always been alien to me. …The Jewish people alone has for centuries been in the anomalous position of being victimized and hounded as as people, though bereft of all the rights and protections which even the smallest people normally has. Jews have been persecuted as individuals; the Jewish people has been unable to develop fruitfully as a cultural and ethnic group. The spirit of the people as well as the bodies of its members have been assailed. Zionism offered the means of ending this discrimination. Through the return to the land to which they were bound by close historic ties, and, since the dispersion, hallowed in their daily prayers, Jews sought to abolish their pariah status among peoples.
The Advent of Hitler underscored with a savage logic all the disastrous implications contained in the abnormal situation in which Jews found themselves. Millions of Jews perished not only because they were caught in the Nazi murder machine but also because there was no spot on the globe where they could find sanctuary.,,.
The Jewish survivors demand the right to dwell amid brothers, on the soil of their fathers. . . .Can Jewish need, no matter how acute, be met without the infringement of the vital rights of others? My answer is in the affirmative. One of the most extraordinary features of the Jewish rebuilding of Palestine is that the influx of Jewish pioneers has resulted not in the displacement and impoverishment of the local Arab population, but in its phenomenal increase and greater prosperity.
…. They bought every inch of the land on which they settled. Furthermore, and most important for this phase of the argument, the Arab population of Palestine doubled in size since the Balfour Declaration, whereas in the adjoining independent Arab states, the population remained static.
. . . At the close of world war 1, 99% of the vast, underpopulated territories liberated from the Turks by the Allies were set aside for the national aspirations of the Arabs. Five independent Arab states have since been established in these territories. Only 1% was reserved for the Jewish people in the land of their origin.
…. May I appeal to you, as the leader of a movement of social and national enfranchisement, to recognize in Zionism a similar movement whose realization will add to the peace and progress of the Orient. Free Jewish immigration to Palestine, and the right of the Jews to continue the upholding of their ancient homeland without artificial restrictions, will increase the sum of well being in the world. It is time to make an end to the ghetto status of Jews in Palestine, and to the pariah status of Jews among peoples. I trust that you, who so badly have struggled for freedom and justice, will place your great influence on behalf of the claim for justice made by the people who for so long and so dreadfully have suffered from its denial.
Yours very sincerely, Albert Einstein
[Note: India remained antagonistic towards Israel for most of 70 years. It is only in recent years that they have maintained good relations. Simply, they no longer needed the Arab world’s support against Pakistan.]
In 1952, after the death of Einstein’s friend, then-president Chaim Weizmann, the Israeli newspaper Haaretz printed an editorial nominating Einstein as his successor. Ultimately, Einstein declined, saying, “I am deeply moved by the offer from our State of Israel, and at once saddened and ashamed that I cannot accept it.”
It was joked, at the time,that, with Einstein’s mathematical genius, he would have been able to solve the mess of Israel’s poor economy in the early years.
Einstein as the beloved scoffer.
“ The definition of insanity is to do the same thing repeatedly and expect a different result.”
Addenda: The account of my father, Rabbi Dr William( Wilhelm) Weinberg, and how he arranged Einstein’s last public lecture in Germany while he was a young rabbinical student.
The theory [quantum mechanics] says a lot, but does not really bring us any closer to the secret of the “old one.” I, at any rate, am convinced that He does not throw dice.
The second quote is often incorrectly translated as “God does not throw dice,” but that was not how Einstein wrote it. “He” is an intimate term, following on “the old one,” even though Einstein rejected the idea of a personal God. It expressed Einstein’s issue with quantum physics, which injected uncertainty into the universe, even though it was a consequence of his own theories.
At that time, Einstein was in his fifties and was very different from the Einstein of later years and from the image that has been presented to us. He was well groomed and smartly dressed, a man of cultivated manners. I was overawed by this chance to meet the great mind of the twentieth century.
The door was opened for me to Einstein’s apartment in Berlin, and I made my way up the stairs to his study.
The life-size image of Sir Isaac Newton presided over the wall.
On Einstein’s desk were scattered letters from persons of renown. One name that stood out was Sinclair—either Upton Sinclair or Sinclair Lewis. [Note: My father couldn’t recall for sure which one, since both wrote of social issues in America. Perhaps the reference is to Sinclair Lewis, who, in 1935, would write a parody of an America under a Nazi-like regime.] I didn’t have the audacity to ask for just one memento, yet all those letters would soon find their way to the wastebasket. A copy of Simon Dubnow’s World History of the Jewish People, dedicated by the author to Einstein, was also on the desk. [Dubnow, soon to be a victim of the Holocaust, was one of the greatest Jewish historians of the time.]
His secretary, a woman in her thirties, stopped her typing to introduce me as “president of the Jewish Students Organization” and “the young candidate for the Rabbinate.” In the course of a half hour’s conversation, my nervousness subsided. I was uplifted by the pipe-smoking scholar with the beautiful, expressive face. Einstein inquired about my reading and personal interests and those of my fellow students and their views and opinions. By the time I left, I felt as if I were taking leave of a long-time friend.
Einstein, although not a believer in the accepted sense, was deeply religious, sort of a secular saint. He was not the withdrawn type, but was eager to be involved, and he was concerned about the students’ wellbeing and attitudes.
He agreed to give a violin recital if the opera star, Marie Inoquene, would join him. He gave me a letter for Alfred Einstein, his cousin, the music critic, asking him to make the necessary arrangements. The singer agreed to take part, but those were the years of Brown Shirt terrorism and the rise of the Nazi Party, when Einstein was constantly bombarded by hate mail and telephoned threats on his life. It was therefore decided that instead of a recital, he would deliver a lecture.
After that first visit in Berlin, I was invited to the Einsteins’ cottage in Caput-by-Potsdam. The cottage had been presented to him on his fiftieth birthday by the city of Berlin. Einstein had no telephone, and could be reached only through a neighbor’s phone.
Einstein’s wife, Elsa, who treated me to coffee and cake, insisted that I take some cake home. I also met Einstein’s stepdaughter and her husband, the editor of a literary magazine, who was the only one in the Einstein household whose realm of discourse was in a field in which I had a background, political and social studies. (I had no background in higher mathematics or physics.)
I rode together with Einstein on one of the trips back from Caput to Berlin, and he asked me to join him for an appointment with Henri Barbusse, the French novelist of socialist fame and the author of Le Feu (Under Fire), a powerful denunciation of war; until then, Einstein was known as a pacifist. Barbusse was returning to France after having spent time in Moscow. The conversation was in French, a language I had not studied. On the way back, Einstein complained that Barbusse had no understanding of what was transpiring in the Soviet Union; Barbusse soon thereafter published a book on Stalin. I would in a few years’ time come to live under Stalin and observe firsthand what had disturbed Einstein [about Barbusse’s writings]. [Note: Le Feu was the first major novel to come out of World War I. Barbusse was a fervent believer in the cause of the communist revolution].
During the weeks prior to the lecture, I realized what an advantage Einstein had by not possessing a phone at his country retreat. I could not sit quietly in my own apartment because the phone rang ceaselessly at all hours with requests for tickets to Einstein’s lecture.
By the night of the lecture, there was tremendous social unrest and turmoil. Security at the lecture hall was very tight. Police were stationed around the building and at the entrance. In addition, bodyguards were positioned at the speaker’s platform ready to handle any threats to the speaker that Brown Shirt thugs might pose. I arranged for two businessmen to drive Einstein to the hall, which he entered unobtrusively from the rear. Mrs. Einstein herself had asked me to keep an eye on her husband. Einstein was bothered by the flashbulbs and asked me to keep the photographers away. It was a hopeless task. I gave Einstein a letter someone had asked me to deliver to him, and he asked his wife to read it.
A blackboard was set up on the platform, and the lecture began and passed without incident. As Einstein spoke, he drew numbers and signs on the board. The lecture was to be popular in style; although I had read what I could on relativity and physics, I could make neither heads nor tales of the presentation. My Talmudic and political studies were of no help to me in understanding the new Kabbalah presented on the stage that night of Einstein’s last lecture in Germany before the darkness of Nazism set in.